One of the major disruptions caused by digital technology is around the way we read books, in particular the devices on which we read and consequently the capacity of those devices to allow research and exploration to occur while reading. This type of activity can be seen as either an unnecessary distraction or an exciting development in the ever changing evolution of books. Whatever your point of view this is just the beginning, and augmented books or sites that bring together information about books that can be searched or user-led sites that promote discussion and evaluation of books outside the mainstream literary media are only going to continue to grow both in numbers and in capabilities.
In Andrew Bardin Williams teamed up with a geographer and a software developer to create a platform where readers can map the locations of their favourite novels. The site allows you to search specific locations or browse a map to discover other novels that have been set in the same place. The information that comes up includes the names of characters and excerpts from the story, and as with most crowd-sourced information the detail varies from post to post. Placing Literature brings the physical and fictional together, and for contributors the act of finding passages to upload and match with cities, suburbs, streets is very intimate.
This level of engagement with the novel is one that surely all writers would welcome. The sharing of these insights with other readers is an integral part of this platform, which like similar sites is about building communities of readers and diffusing the power around who is allowed to discuss literature and in what medium. In this instance the map was created by the publisher — Doubleday Canada — after they allowed access to the first 30 pages of the novel through their content API application programming interface at a hack day in San Francisco last year, and from this the interactive map was created.
Landing Gear explores themes of displacement and belonging and the characters all, in their own ways, travel around the world looking for their place in it. This coming together of form and content is a clever and organic use of the possibilities inherent in digital technology for books. Whether created by faithful readers or innovative writers these types of tools have a great deal to contribute to our experiences of particular stories and their ability to blend the real and the fictional.
Analyze the unique juvenile behaviors that may be influenced by social environments. Focuses on foundational ethical principles and theories including the application of ethical decision making as it relates to criminal justice professionals. The societal implications of unethical behavior are also examined. Includes an overview of current forms of security throughout the world. This course allows students to obtain general information on risk management, legal considerations, and ethical issues in the security realm.
Students are offered the opportunity to experience risk management activities, communications skills, and develop the ability to effectively seek out a security profession of their choosing. Provides students an opportunity to share current experiences to the didactic components of the program. Regional training academies are located throughout the state of Michigan. All training academies are required to teach, as a minimum, the state's basic training curriculum, which is hours in length. At the completion of the academy, all graduates are required to pass a licensing examination administered by the state.
Examines the relationship between drugs, crime and behavior in society. Drug abuse, drug trafficking, and police response are explored. Trending topics such as drug use decriminalization, and marijuana legalization are explored. Provides a historical overview of US drug policy including the? Explores the criminal justice system using classic and contemporary case law to provide a foundation of legal knowledge.
The course also examines the principles underlying the definition of crime including its contemporary application. Furthermore, this course focuses on the interrelationship between criminal law and the criminal justice system. Examines the continued advancements in technology. Students address all forms of social media and how these applications can help solve crime. This course focuses on a range of technical solutions available to law enforcement to retrieve data as part of the investigatory process involving computers and cell phones.
Identify theft and various types of online fraud are also examined. Provides an overview of numerous forensic science tools used to investigate criminal activity and the collection of evidence ranging from finger printing to DNA. Students address chain of custody and the importance of remaining unbiased in the collection and interpretation of evidence. Instructs the appropriate methods and procedures for collection, handling, documenting, and storing evidence for later use in criminal proceedings. The consequences for mishandling evidence are also explored.
Provides historical and contemporary perspectives of organized criminal activity by the mafia and others. White collar crime and corporate corruption are examined along with the social dynamics of youth gangs, violence, prison gangs, and criminality. Provides an overview of the functions, roles, operations, and jurisdictional issues of various local and federal court systems addressing both criminal and civil matters. Includes an examination of various specialized courts to deal with specific societal issues ranging from truancy to substance abuse.
Examines social science research designed to improve the effectiveness of criminal justice strategies, interventions, policies and practices. The course uses empirical studies to explore research methods commonly used within the social sciences to introduce and apply the concepts of evidence-based practices. Provides a global perspective on terrorism and its impact on homeland security issues post ranging from airport security to local emergency response preparedness.
Explores leadership and change theories and practices within paramilitary organizations and the courts to prepare future leaders within the criminal justice professions. Provides students an overview of the computer science profession. The course will focus on topics such as history, careers, programming languages, operating systems, databases, and relationship of mathematical concepts.
Introduces students to programming concepts such as logic and flow charting as well as some basic programming techniques. Examines the elements of global communication, networking, cloud computing, Internet programming, and programming for mobile devices. Students will experience working as a team to integrate technology used for networking on the Internet to support various users. Introduces students to using the JAVA programming language for developing applications. This is the first of two JAVA programming courses. Introduces students to storyboarding, game layout, and game design.
Students will create scripts and storyboards for existing games and games of their own design. Introduces students to program design and development using C. Students will recognize and interpret basic concepts, types, variables, conversions, expressions, statements, namespaces, structs, arrays, interfaces and attributes of C programming language. Introduces concepts and techniques for the implementation of data structures and the design and analysis of computer algorithms. Expands on the concepts begun in Data Structures and Algorithms I, including stacks, queues, trees, and binary trees as fundamental conceptual structures of data.
Various physical implementations for each conceptual view are examined with emphasis on the concept of abstract data types. Algorithm development continues with coverage of methods solving recurrences, divide-and-conquer algorithms, dynamic programming, greedy algorithms, and graph algorithms.
Provides students with the ability to recognize, design, and build software security into project development. Strategies and methods of preventing attacks and mitigating exploits, focusing on threat modeling analysis and best security practices will be explored. Provides students with opportunities and the experience of developing applications for various mobile devices i. Focuses on mastering the Android SDK tools in relation to each platform being discussed, specific to application development.
Engineering tools are reviewed as well as Java application. Focuses on engineering mobile applications within the Android environment utilizing various SDK's and available tools. This course is a continuation of the Introduction course. Students will use IBM Cognos Analytics to extract data, analyze data, and produce reports that can be used to make informed decisions.
This course provides a powerful toolset for mining, analyzing, score-carding and monitoring of events, data and metrics. Explores program design and development using Python. Students will demonstrate the ability to use Python to design solutions to problems and develop object-oriented applications. This is a continuation of the Introduction course. Introduces students to game programming using game development engine software. Processes of game development, game assets, and introduction to UNREAL development application, binary space portioning, terrain generation, volume development, and lighting are implemented.
Topics covered will include particle effects, working with the Karma Physics engine, Bot development and AI navigation, and creating scripted sequences. Continues the use of the Flash programming language for developing games and graphical animations. It draws heavily upon the concepts and terminology of object-oriented programming languages. Examines emerging programming languages, their design, description, implementation and advanced features; facilities for creating secure distributed applications including API design and common patterns, facilities supporting software services, naming and composition; language paradigms and the resulting implications on execution; run-time systems and storage management; approaches to compilation and execution.
Introduces data analytics as the science of analyzing the data, generating insights, and making predictions. It easily finds applications in social media analysis, computational biology, climate modeling, health care, traffic monitoring and so on. This class aims to provide an overview of advanced machine learning, data mining and statistic techniques that arise in real data analytic applications.
Selected topics include topic modeling, structure learning, time-series analysis, learning with less supervision, and massive-scale data analytics. One or more applications associated with each technique will also be discussed. Focuses on mastering the Windows Software Development Kit for Windows 8 Windows SDK which contains headers, libraries, and a selection of tools to create apps that run on Windows 8 operating systems. You can use the Windows SDK, along with your chosen development environment, to write Windows Store apps only on Windows 8 using web technologies.
Focuses on engineering mobile and desktop applications within the Windows environment utilizing. Examines how artificial intelligence on computers can be made to behave intelligently. This course will cover theoretical and practical approaches to AI, with topics to include search, logic, knowledge representation, uncertainty, and different aspects of the performance of AI techniques. No previous exposure to AI is assumed. Provides students the ability to create and maintain database objects to store, retrieve, and manipulate data. In addition, students will write queries to retrieve, summarize, and modify data using joins and subqueries.
Students will learn how to create and execute stored procedures and functions. This course also introduces participants to database triggers. Processes of game development, game assets, and introduction to Unity development application, binary space portioning, terrain generation, volume development, and lighting are implemented.
Continues the use of game development engine software for programming games. Emphasizes skills, tools, and methods related to unit testing and interface integration. Moving from unit testing to system testing is an important component of the course. Explores advanced database topics such as data mining, data warehousing, geographical information systems, and data-related ethics. This is a capstone course in which students will do an extensive research-based project or writing exercise.
Examines today s computer technology and investigates future technology trends in the industry. This course contains a lab component. Provides students with an opportunity to demonstrate mastery of game design. At the end of this course students will have designed and programmed a complete game that highlights acquired skills for prospective employers. Introduces the architecture, structure, functions, components, and models of the Internet and other computer networks. The course also describes the architecture, components, and operations of routers and switches in a small network.
The principles and structure of IP addressing and the fundamentals of Ethernet concepts, media, and operations are introduced to provide a foundation for the curriculum. By the end of the course, students will be able to build simple LANs, perform basic configurations for routers and switches, and implement IP addressing schemes.
Students will also learn how to configure a router and a switch for basic functionality. Continues the introduction of the architecture, structure, functions, components, and models of the Internet and other computer networks. Describes the architecture, components, and operations of routers and switches in larger and more complex networks.
This course also discusses the WAN technologies and network services required by converged applications in a complex network. Students learn how to configure routers and switches for advanced functionality and troubleshoot network devices and resolve common issues with data link protocols. Students will also develop the knowledge and skills needed to implement a WLAN in a small-to-medium network and understand the selection criteria of network devices and WAN technologies to meet network requirements. Students will also develop the knowledge and skills needed to implement virtual private network VPN operations in a complex network.
Continues the discussion and work from CSC regarding the architecture, components, and operations of routers and switches in larger and more complex networks. This course prepares students for t. Emphasizes core security technologies, the installation, troubleshooting and monitoring of network devices to maintain integrity, confidentiality, and availability of data and devices, and competency in the technologies that Cisco uses in its security structure. Prepares students to implement, monitor, and maintain routing services in an enterprise network. Students will learn how to plan, configure, and verify the implementation of complex enterprise LAN and WAN routing solutions, using a range of routing protocols in IPv4 and IPv6 environments.
- Kate Chopin: The Awakening.
- Single Girl Abroad: Untameable Rogue / Red-Hot Renegade (Mills & Boon M&B) (The Bennett Family).
- Related links!
- Lost Love Found.
The course also covers the configuration of secure routing solutions to support branch offices and mobile workers. Comprehensive hands-on learning and practice reinforce configuration skills. Prepares students to implement, monitor, and maintain switching in converged enterprise campus networks.
Students will learn how to plan, configure, and verify the implementation of complex enterprise switching solutions. Prepares students to monitor and maintain complex, enterprise routed and switched IP networks. Skills learned include the planning and execution of regular network maintenance, as well as support and troubleshooting using technology-based processes and best practices, in a systematic and industry recognized approaches. Introduces students to the food service industry and program expectations.
- Let's be friends?
- Find your favourite novel.
- Tough Little Boys.
Students will discuss the social, historical, and cultural forces that have affected the food service industry. Responsible alcohol service will also be emphasized along with the certification testing TIPs. Additionally, students will begin understanding the impact of sustainability measures in the food service industry. Focuses on gaining an understanding of the food service industry and career opportunities within the field, through completion of interview skills, professional standards, exploration of professional organizations and credentials. Focuses on the math skills needed to calculate percentages, ratios, the metric system, conversion factors, yield tests, recipe conversion and recipe costing as they relate to the food service industry.
Students will develop projections and analyze costs in yield tests and recipe pre-costing. Introduces students to food production practices governed by changing federal and state regulations. Topics to be covered include prevention of food-borne illness through proper handling of potentially hazardous foods, HACCP procedures, legal guidelines, kitchen safety, facility sanitation, and guidelines for safe food preparation, storing, and reheating. Introduces students to healthy cooking techniques.
Trends, special dietary needs, and creative preparation methods that reduce fat and sodium while maximizing fresh wholesome ingredients will be covered. A vegetable-centric plant based philosophy will be stressed. This is a 40 hour lab course. Gives an introduction to kitchen safety, equipment, principles of basic food preparation and cooking techniques in lecture and lab format.
Extensive hands-on training is provided for using basic cooking methods and fundamentals. The lecture for this course focuses on cooking principles, theory and the application of culinary skills in the kitchen. Focuses on principles of food preparation and cooking techniques. Expanded concepts of time lines and multi-tasking, station organization, and culinary French terms will continue.
This course focuses on advanced cooking principles, theory and the application of culinary skills. Applies skills and theories and focuses on advanced principles of food preparation and cooking techniques. This class focuses on techniques and methods used in global cuisine and buffet production. This course will focus on the advanced cooking principles, theories, and application of culinary skills.
Introduces students to the methods and techniques used in baking and pastry production. Introduces the identification of a wide variety of common and uncommon food products in various forms. Students will learn store room procedures that include the skill necessary to analyze and improve the profitability of a food service establishment.
Other topics will include controlling food and labor costs, flow of goods, product and vendor selection, tasting and evaluating different foods. Introduces various types of international service styles and techniques. The course will emphasize customer service and food and beverage pairing. Students participate and gain experience in handling reservations, using a point-of-sale system, and responsible alcohol services. Focuses on the complex methods and techniques of the cold kitchen. Content will also include charcuterie and ACF Competencies for practical exams.
Prepares the students for the innovation, creativity, speed, and multi-tasking abilities required in today's modern kitchen. The lab format for this class will offer students a real working kitchen environment in The Culinary Institute of Michigan's student-run, fine dining restaurant. Upon completing this course, students will have achieved a high standard of quality and detail in culinary arts. Introduces students to the dental profession and the role of the dental assistant. Provides a foundation for dental charting, operative and chairside assisting clinical skills, patient management to include the medically compromised, nutrition and preventive dentistry and management of pain and anxiety.
This is a preclinical instruction course. Provides an introduction to general anatomy, physiology and oral histology. An in depth study of dental and oral anatomy, tooth morphology, development and structural anatomy of the teeth, orofacial region and oral pathology. Provides an introduction to biomedical sciences as they relate to dentistry. Course content includes microbiology, pharmacology, and a comprehensive study of the principles of infection control practices employed in the dental office.
Provides an in-depth study of the composition, chemical and physical properties, manipulation and application of dental materials. Provides an introduction to business office procedures, including communications, appointment control, supply inventory maintenance, data entry for charges and payments, manage recall systems, dental computer software, operation of basic business equipment and management of patient information and records.
Provides a one hour weekly seminar for 12 weeks conducted to integrate theory, laboratory practices and student reflection on individual experiences in the clinical externship. Provides hours of dental assisting chairside practice and experience in the workplace. Emphasis is placed on infection control, patient management techniques, communication, professionalism and ethics, and entry-level, four-handed dental assisting procedures.
Provides the knowledge and skills necessary to perform Registered Dental Assistant functions. Provides and introduction to dental specialty practices. The following specialties are included: endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, orthodontics, periodontics, pediatric dentistry, prosthodontics, dental public health and forensic dentistry.
Emphasizes the development of professionalism for dental office personnel. The course will explore the legal and ethical practice of dentistry, risk management and the study of the State Dental Practice Act. Content includes the exploration of interpersonal skills, psychology of patient management and employment and factors related to job satisfaction. Provides a comprehensive review of the Dental Assisting Curriculum. This course is designed as a guide for students to enhance their individual preparation for national and state dental assisting board exams.
Introduces students to dental hygiene clinical techniques. Students will practice instrumentation techniques, utilizing proper infection control procedures. Additional topics introduced to students include patient communication, fluoride application, occlusal analysis, oral infection control and dental prostheses care.
All procedures are taught to clinical competence. Introduces students to patient assessment and treatment in the clinical setting. Emphasis will be placed on the recognition and treatment of the patient with periodontal disease as well as oral hygiene instructions, including tooth brushing and adjunctive aids. Students will also be introduced to chemotherapeutics and dental stain classification.
Additional topics will include ultrasonic instrumentation, treatment of hypersensitive teeth, development of the maintenance appointment, and smoking cessation programs. Continues patient assessment and treatment in a clinical setting, emphasizing all previously introduced clinical skills. Focuses on the microscopic detail, embryological development and function of anatomical landmarks, including teeth are addressed.
The application of this knowledge to the practice of clinical dental hygiene is presented. Provides students with the knowledge to perform clinical dental hygiene practices within the dental office setting in a safe and efficient manner, following all OSHA guidelines. Topics will include infection control, medical and dental emergencies, and basic dental office procedures. Provides a comprehensive study of the anatomy of the oral cavity. Provides a comprehensive study of the anatomy of the head and neck region, including: skeletal, nervous, circulatory, lymphatic, and muscular systems and their relationship to dental hygiene clinical procedures.
Also includes an introduction to the application of this knowledge to the use of local anesthesia. Studies the composition and properties of materials used in the practice of dentistry. Emphasis is placed on the materials and procedures for which the dental hygienist is directly responsible. Students will practice proper care and manipulation of the materials in the laboratory. All technical skills are taught to a minimum of laboratory competence. Studies disease and the disease process. Emphasis will be placed on the detection and treatment of diseases of the oral region and the oral manifestations of systemic diseases.
Case histories are presented in which the student's objective is to formulate a differential diagnosis of an unknown lesion and propose a rational approach for evaluation and treatment of the patient. Focuses on the theories and principles of the x-ray, its nature and properties, and recognition of the normal anatomical structures present in a properly exposed set of periapical and interproximal radiographs.
Practice is provided in exposure, development, and mounting of dental radiographs using a variety of techniques. Provides a general knowledge of the fundamentals and concepts of drugs commonly used in dentistry and relates this information to the successful practice of clinical dental hygiene. Provides students with the basic concepts of local anesthetics and pain control. The rationale for pain control, a review of specific anatomic landmarks, physiology, and pharmacology of anesthetic agents will be included.
Through lecture and lab, detailed instruction in the use of local anesthesia and nitrous oxide, along with safety measures, will be provided. Continues the study of clinical dental hygiene and patient assessment. Emphasis will be placed on treating patients with special needs. A thorough study of nutrition, dietary assessment and planning for patients of all age groups will be included. Continues the practice of clinical dental hygiene designed to increase the student? Continues the study of the techniques and philosophies of treating patients with special needs. Requirements include the case study of a patient with challenging dental needs with written documentation and a class presentation.
This is the programs capstone course.
Exposes student dental health educators to many of the dental healthcare issues that affect society, the impact they have on dental health, and the educational techniques that can be employed to assist the individual on matters affecting health decisions. Further study will include human behavior, interpersonal relations and communication skills relating to patient education, motivation, and acceptance of healthcare.
Surveys the laws that govern the practice of dental hygiene. A discussion of ethical codes of conduct that guide the dental hygienist is provided. Continues the discussion of content covered in DHY Also presents information on periodontal therapies relative to the hygienist? Further study includes the clinical and histological effects of periodontal procedures on oral tissues including surgical and nonsurgical techniques used.
Emphasizes the recognition of normal anatomical landmarks as well as pathological conditions commonly encountered in the practice of dental hygiene. This course is designed to complement DHY Radiography. Emphasizes electronic imaging skills with continued application of design process methods including concepts in photography, digital video, Web design and commercial printing.
Literature in the Digital Age
Integrates proposals, project management, concept development and production for digital media in a project based environment. Emphasizes problem solving skills and production quality in controlling lighting, camera and audio in an on-location environment. Develops and refines work to produce a comprehensive and media rich Web-based digital portfolio for presentation of the work done throughout the Digital Media Design program. Focuses on solving real-world design problems in the execution of a project to include photography, digital video, Web design and print marketing pieces for a client.
Develops skills in combining audio and visual animation to produce commercial quality marketing pieces for web or digital distribution. Develops skills to manage creative media and digital content marketing production to execute a multi-channel marketing strategy.
Topics include: digital law, digital marketing, project management, social networking and new interactive media technologies. Presents sonography anatomy of the normal and abnormal abdomen, retroperitoneum, and major vascular structures. Normal variants and pathology of these areas are also covered. Comparisons are made with normal sonographic appearances so students learn to recognize pathologies and abnormalities. Students are expected to achieve mastery in all areas covered.
Presents normal and abnormal conditions of the female pelvis, including uterus, ovaries, 1st trimester obstetrics, and multiple gestations. Students are expected to achieve mastery level in all areas covered. Presents future sonographers with basic concepts of patient care that will confront them in the medical setting. Emphasis on professional behaviors, and scanning skills while performing assessments identifying beginner sonographic anatomy.
This course will prepare students for their professional clinical experience in the work field. Presents normal and abnormal conditions of the 2nd and 3rd trimester, invasive procedures, amniotic fluid index, biophysical profile, and Doppler waveforms. Comparisons are made with normal sonographic appearance so students learn to recognize pathologies and abnormalities. Provides the opportunity for learning basic sonography skills in the clinical setting. An understanding of operation in the diagnostic facility is also provided.
This is the first of 3 structured clinical courses that directs students through progressive levels of experience; observation, participation under personal supervision, provision of care under direct supervision and more independent functioning under general supervision. This is a 18 week rotation to include a minimum of clinical hours. Gives students the ability continue a clinical opportunity to learn sonography skills in a professional setting.
This is the second structured clinical courses that directs students through progressive levels of experience; observation, participation under personal supervision, provision of care under direct supervision and more independent functioning under general supervision. This is a 14 week rotation to include a minimum of clinical hours. Emphasis is on mastering scanning technique, and identifying pathology. Students will fulfill all expected clinical competencies, while preparing for their national registry exams.
This is the final clinical course for mastering sonography skills as an entry level sonographer. This is a 18 week course to include clinical hours. Covers the normal and abnormal anatomy of sonographic appearance of the breast, soft tissue, prostate, and small parts. Comparisons are made with normal structures so students learn to recognize pathologies and abnormalities. Students will be expected to achieve mastery level in all areas covered. Focuses on the theory of operation for the diesel engine.
Fuel, compression, and other systems are discussed. Major components of each are examined as background for examining the engine as a system. Students are introduced to the application of electrical theory which covers areas including lighting, charging and starting systems, security systems, airbags, navigation systems and sound systems.
Continues the coverage from previous courses focusing on advanced diagnostic techniques. Advanced diagnostic techniques are utilized to analyze system problems. Also examines new technology including hybrid and fuel-cell systems, navigation systems, safety devices, and other vehicle features and options. At the end of the class, students will be required to take the ASE T6 test in order to earn a final grade for the course.
Introduces students to the theory and application of cutting and welding processes. Topics include gas metal arc welding, shielded metal arc welding, plasma arc cutting, and flame cutting techniques as well as hands-on activities completing simple fabrication projects. Provides students the opportunity to disassemble, reassemble and diagnose modern industry standard diesel engines. This covers entire engine including all aspects of in-frame and major overhaul rebuilds.
This including everything from cylinder head and upper engine diagnoses, to engines internals including pistons, rings, bearing and crankshaft. Fuel system, cooling and lubrication systems will also be covered. At the end of the class, students will be required to take the ASE T2 test in order to earn a final grade for the course. Introduces students to preventative maintenance of diesel equipment. Coverage will include safety equipment, basic vehicle operation, instruments and controls along with hardware, inspections of the brakes, tires, wheels and suspension as well as steering systems.
This course prepares students for the T8 ASE test. At the end of the class, students will be required to take the ASE T8 test in order to earn a final grade for the course. Provides instruction for practice and safe operation of commercial vehicles for Diesel Service students.
This course is designed for diesel service technicians who operate commercial vehicles for the purpose of service and diagnosis. It pays attention to the interaction between German thinkers and their counterparts in France and the United Kingdom and also to the reaction of German thinkers to key historical events such as the French Revolution. Enlightened despotism took a variety of forms in the Holy Roman Empire. The two most famous enlightened rulers were Frederick the Great of Prussia and Joseph II of Austria, who, although contemporaries, each ruled a rather different way.
Between and the German lands were completely transformed by wars which had consequences as far-reaching as those of the twentieth century. The Holy Roman Empire suffered repeated onslaughts of French armies from and by Napoleon had destroyed it. The module will first examine the nature of the Holy Roman Empire and the sense of national identity that had developed within it. The removal of this framework, which had existed for a thousand years, was a profound shock for many Germans.
The scramble of some of the medium-sized and larger territories to annexe their small neighbours, which led to the disappearance of several hundred smaller territories, permanently changed the map of Germany and subjected many millions of Germans to the harsh rule of new authorities.
The relentless pressures imposed by France also generated growing resentment against French domination. Discussion of the future of Germany between and threw up often conflicting visions which subtly transformed the notions of nation and German identity which had evolved in the eighteenth century.
We conclude by asking how both the Holy Roman Empire and the French period shaped the development of the German people on the threshold to the modern era. This module explores the history of the Jews in the eighteenth-century Holy Roman Empire. By there were about 70, Jews in the German territories, living in both towns and rural areas, and enjoying varying degrees of protection from princes and urban magistrates.
Most were poor and lived on the margins of society. Others, however, prospered and began to attend universities and to interact socially with Christians, for example in the new coffee houses. We also explore the ideas of the Berlin philosopher Moses Mendelssohn , a friend of Lessing and Friedrich Nicolai and one of the few Jewish-German public intellectuals, who opposed both the critics of the Jews and the conservative rabbis. We conclude by reflecting on how these developments shaped Jewish thought in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and the subsequent history of the Jews in Germany.
Though they are generally considered less radical than their French counterparts, Enlightenment philosophers such as Christian Wolff, Moses Mendelssohn, G. This module introduces students to the central ideas of the German Enlightenment — rationalism, universalism, religious tolerance, progress — and examines how they were applied to the study of history. German Romanticism is traditionally viewed as a cultural movement, defined by a new set of aesthetic values and criteria — subjectivity, expressivity, and the autonomous creativity of the imagination — that still inform popular perceptions of what is modern in modern art.
We will concentrate on the early Romantics, notably Novalis and Friedrich Schlegel, and the writings they published in the journal Athenaeum between and Lectures cover all the topics listed here. Attendance is essential: even topics which you choose not to cover in depth will help to develop your understanding of the period. In addition to lectures, you will receive eight supervisions at fortnightly intervals across the Michaelmas and Lent terms, and two seminars in Lent. The paper is divided into two sections.
The Awakening, Kate Chopin, characters, setting, questions
In the examination 3 hours in length three questions must be answered, at least one from each section. Section A covers the literature of the period , and includes Goethe's works up to his death in Please click here to view a specimen exam paper. Search site.
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